Information / History & Culture
Rome - History
Rome existed during the early civilization days. History of Rome is believed to have been there in 625 BC but it was founded in 753 BC by Romulus and Remus. The city is thus termed as Eternal City. Earlier the city was ruled by kings but after some years Romans took over the rule of the city. Then a council was set instead termed as the ‘senate’ to rule over Rome. Great development of the city began from 10th century BC till it became a Republic then the Roman Empire. The Roman Republic was the most powerful and successful government.
The Eternal City in the Roman era was Caput Mundi and from there vast Empire confines were spread through its law, arts and sciences. It covered the entire western world but soon Rome faced a fall followed by a slow decline around 476 AC. It was then invaded by barbarians. The Temporal power of the Popes on the State of the Church began in 754 with the defeat of the Franks. A true symbolic role was played by this city when it became a little corrupted. Ups and downs were further faced by Rome and Romans for centuries. Church power further enhanced and it led to the city decline through a series of fights among noble families of Rome. It was only until the 12th century that Rome strengthened to gain a stable administrative position. Although it was soon defeated by popes’ power. Great rebirth was witnessed during the Renaissance and the Baroque periods but freedom from temporal power was gained in 1871. This event against popes was termed as a breach of Porta Pia. This was the time when Rome became the capital of Italy. The entire fight against dominated temporal power was headed under Giuseppe Garibaldi who became a national hero here. This is how Rome earned its importance and became the global cultural and artistic hub.