Information / History & Culture
A Mix Of History And Culture
Marrakech’s history dates back to the Neolithic times as the area of Marrakech has been home to the Berber farmers ever since then. Marrakech came into being in the year 1062, founded by Abu Bakr ibn Umar, 454 according to the Hijri calendar. The Berber reign of Almoravids saw the birth of various madrasas or the Koranic schools, and mosques and the development of the community into a giant center of trade for the sub-Saharan part of Africa and Maghreb. The city grew quickly and became a religious and cultural center. It is one of the greatest citadels of Muslims. The city was consolidated by Ali ibn Yusuf, the man behind the development of an underground water system called rhettara to irrigate mainly his garden.
However, it became the territory of the Almohads, tribesmen of Masmouda in the High Atlas, practicing orthodox Islam, in 1147. The city’s monument suffered destruction as a result of this siege. The Almohads built an array of palaces besides some important religious buildings like the Koutoubia Mosque. This cultural reputation attracted my artists and writers, especially from Andalusia. The city saw instability after the death of Yusuf II in 1224 and saw several attempts of brutal seizure during the coming years. In 1269, Marrakech was conquered by the Zenata tribes and its state of decline led to its loss of title of the capital to Fez. The title was regained in the 16th century under the rule of Hinata emirs.
Marrakech became the seat of unrest during the early 20th century. However, after its independence in 1956, Marrakech thrived as a tourist destination and still remains so.
Marrakech’s culture plays a vital role in shaping its people and the city as a whole. Its historical influences have shaped its culture into its present richness and diversity. The red city has been strongly influenced by the Islamic and Arab civilizations, thanks to the Berber populace. Marrakech’s culture can be seen dominating the music, tradition, crafts, language, and religion. While the main language of Marrakech is Arabic, French is the second most-spoken language. English is spoken in areas with a lot of tourists. Most people are of the Islamic faith in Marrakech and the city comes to life during its major festivals like Eid el Kebir. The real taste of Marrakech’s culture is seen in the souks in Medina, the famous mint tea, narrow streets, friendly locals, craftsmen and Maalems, women who practice craftsmanship, the Sub Saharan, Middle Eastern, indigenous, and Spanish music styles, and the riads.